Active Pasive

Active Pasive

Active Pasive

Active Pasive
Active Pasive

Active sentence (active voice) is a sentence where

the subject of his work, by contrast, the passive sentence (passive voice) is the subject of his sentence where the subject of work by the object of the sentence. Active voice is more frequently used in daily life compared with the passive voice. However, often we find the passive voice in the newspapers, articles in magazines and scholarly writings. Passive voice is used because the object of the active voice is more important information than his subject.


Example:


An Active *: We fertilize the soil Every six months
* Passive: The soil is fertilized by us Every six months


From this example we can see that:

 

1. Object of the active voice (the soil) becomes the subject of the passive voice
2. Subject of the active voice (We) of the passive voice to object. Notice also that there is a change of subject pronoun ‘We’ became the object pronoun ‘us’.
3. Verb1 (fertilize) the active voice becomes verb3 (fertilized) on the passive voice.
4. He added some ‘is’ in front verb3. Be used is dependent on the subject passive voice and tenses used. (Note the passive voice patterns below).
5. Adding the word ‘by’ behind verb3. However, if the object of the passive voice is considered not important or unknown, then the object is usually not mentioned and so was the word ‘by’.
6. Especially for progressive sentences (present, past, past perfect, future, past future, and past perfect continuous future, need to add the ‘beings’ in front verb3). If not added “being”, tensisnya will change, not a progressive / continuous again. Consider the examples in point h – o below.

 

Based on the six points above the passive voice followed the pattern as follows:


Subject + be + Verb3 + by + object + modifier

The pattern of active and passive voice in each tensis

1. If the active voice in simple present tense, the ‘be’ it is the passive voice is, am or acres.

Example:

* Active: He meets Them everyday.
* Passive: They are met by him “everyday.

* Active: She waters Every two days this plant.
* Passive: This plant is watered by her Every two days.

 

2. If active in the simple past tense voice, the ‘be’ passive voice it is was or Were


Example:

* Active: He met yesterday Them
* Passive: They Were met by him “yesterday

* Active: She watered this plant this morning
* Passive: This plant was watered by her this morning

3. If the active voice in the present perfect tense, the ‘be’ passive voice it is been placed after the auxiliary has or have, to become a ‘has been’ or ‘have been’

Example:

* Active: He has met Them
* Passive: They have been met by him ”
* Active: She has watered this plant for five minutes.
* Passive: This plant has been watered by her for five minutes.

4. If the active voice in the past perfect tense, the ‘be’ passive voice it is been placed after the auxiliary had, so be Had been

Example:

* Active: He Had Them met before I came.
* Passive: They Had been met by him “before I came.

* Active: She Had watered this plant for five minutes Pls help I got here
* Passive: This Had the plant been watered by her for five minutes Pls help I got here

5. When active voice in the future tense for simple, then ‘some’ of his passive voice is to be

Example:

* Active: He Will Meet Them Tomorrow.
* Passive: They Will Be met by him “Tomorrow.

* Active: She will from this water plant this afternoon.
* Passive: This plant will from some watered by her this afternoon.

* Active: The Farmers are going to harvest the crops next week
* Passive: The crops are going to be Harvested by the Farmers next week.

6. If the active voice in the future perfect tense, the ‘be’ passive voice it is been placed after the auxiliary will from have, so to ‘will of have been’

Example:

* Active: He will of Them have met before I get there Tomorrow.
* Passive: They will of have been met by him “before I get there Tomorrow.

* Active: She will of have watered this plant before I get here this afternoon.
* Passive: This will of plants have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon.

7. If the active voice in the past future perfect tense, the ‘be’ passive voice it is been placed after the auxiliary would have, thereby becoming ‘would have been’.

Example:

* Active: He would have met Them.
* Passive: They would have been met by him “.

* Active: She would have watered this plant.
* Passive: This plant would have been watered by her.

8. If the active voice in the present continuous tense, the ‘be’ passive voice it is (is, am or acres) + beings.

Example:

* Active: He is meeting now Them.
* Passive: They are now being met by him “.

* Active: She is now watering this plant.
* Passive: This plant is being watered by her now.

 

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